You are not currently signed in - enter your email address and password into the boxes below, or create a new account.

Cases Referred To

The following cases are not digested in their own right, but they are referred to in the highlighted digested cases.

 

AC-ATEL Electronics Vertriebs v Hauptzollamt München-Mitte [1994] ECR I-2305 - Case C-30/93

            See R (Newby Foods Limited) v Food Standards Agency (No. 9)

AFMB, C?610/18, EU:C:2020:565,

            See Möbel Kraft GmbH & Co KG v ML

Aaron's Reefs Ltd v Twiss [1896] AC 273

            See R v Kylsant (Lord)

Agassi v S Robinson (HM Inspector of Taxes) [2005] EWCA Civ 1507

             See Media Protection Services Ltd v Crawford

Al-Khawaja & Tahery v United Kingdom [2011] ECHR 2127

             See R v Ibrahim

Alexander and others: Applications for Judicial Review [2009] NIQB 20

             See Richardson v Chief Constable of West Midlands Police

Amos v Director of Public Prosecutions [1988] RTR 198

            See R v T

Arcos v Ronassan [1933] AC 470

            See Hazlewood Grocery Ltd v Lion Foods Ltd

Ashby v Tolhurst [1937] 2 KB 242

            See Tongue v RSPCA

Ashcroft v Cambro Waste Products Ltd [1981] 1 WLR 1349

             See Walker & Son (Hauliers) Limited v Environment Agency

Atkinson v United States of America [1969] 3 All ER 1319

            See R (Donnachie) v Cardiff Magistrates' Court [2007]

Attorney General's Reference (No. 3 of 1979) (1979) 69 Cr App R 411

            See DPP v Sugden

Attorney General's Reference (No. 2 of 1999) [2002] Cr App R 207

            See R v St Regis Paper Company Ltd

Attorney General's Reference (No 3 of 2003) [2005] QB 73

             See R (Johnson) v Westminster Magistrates' Court

Augustus Barnett & Son Limited (Re) [1986] BCLC 170

            See Banque Arabe et Internationale d'Investissement SA v Morris

B (In the matter of) [2006] EWCA Crim 2692

            See R v Abu Hamza

Barlow Clowes International Ltd v Eurotrust International Ltd [2005] UKPC 37

            See Ivey v Genting Casinos (UK) Ltd t/a Crockfords

Beardsley v Giddings [1904] 1 KB 847

            See Brooks v Bagshaw

Bracegirdle v Oxley [1947] KB 349

            See Central Bedfordshire Council v Shah (Tasir)

British Oxygen Co Ltd v Board of Trade [1971] AC 610

            See R (Guittard) v Secretary of State for Justice

Brooks v DPP [1994] 1 AC 568

            See R v Dady

Carlos Federspiel and Co v Charles Twigg (1957) 1 Lloyd's List Law Reports

            See Church v Lee and Co-operative Retail Services

Chan Wing-Siu v R [1985] AC 168

            See R v Jogee; R v Ruddock

Chandler v Director of Public Prosecutions [1964] AC 763

            See R v Montila

Chief Constable of Norfolk v Clayton (1983) 2 AC 473

            See R (CPS) v Blaydon Youth Court

Christie v Leachinsky [1947] AC 573

            See R v Kirk

City Equitable Fire Insurance Co Ltd, Re [1925] Ch 407

            See Huckerby v Elliott

City of London Corporation v Bovis Construction Ltd [1992] 3 All ER 697

            See Barking & Dagenham (LB of) v Jones

Commission v Germany [1995] ECR I-3599 - Case C-51/94

            See Verein gegen Unwesen in Handel und Gewerbe Köln eV v Adolf Darbo AG

Commission v Germany [1998] ECR I-6871 - Case C-102/96

            See Linhart v Biffi

Commonwealth Shipping Representative v Peninsular and Oriental Branch Services [1923] AC 191

            See Hughes v Director of Public Prosecutions

Connelly v DPP [1964] AC 1254

            See R v Beedie, R v Phipps, R v Dwyer, R v Antoine, R v Wabelua,  R v Wangige, R v Medway and R v Dunn

Corocraft Ltd and Another v Pan American Airways Inc [1969] 1 QB 616

            See article: Commercial Practice and a Single Consumer

Croydon Youth Court, ex parte DPP [1997] 2 Cr. App R 411

            See Harvey v DPP

Cullen v McNair (1908) 6 LGR 753; 99 LT 358

            See Williams v Friend

Cummings v CPS [2016] EWHC 3624 (Admin)

            See DPP v Sugden

David Greig Ltd v Goldfinch (1961) 59 LGR 304

            See Guild v Gateway Foodmarkets Ltd

Davies v Environment Agency (Wales) [14th November 2014, unreported]

            See Letherbarrow v Warwickshire County Council

Dewing v Cummings [1971 RTR 295

            See R (Donnachie) v Cardiff Magistrates' Court [2007]

Dial v Trinidad and Tobago [2005] UKPC 4

            See R v Byrne

Director of Public Prosecutions v Denning [1991] 2 QB 532

            See Suffolk County Council v Rexmore Wholesale Services Ltd, R (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Sheffield Crown Court and Goodison and Quayum v DPP

Director of Public Prosecutions v Compton [2002] EWCA Civ 1720

            See R v McDowell; R v Singh

Director of Public Prosecutors v Gane [1991] JP 846, [1991] Crim LR 711

              See R (CPS) v Blaydon Youth Court and R (Dyer) v Watford Magistrates' Court

DPP v Nock [1978] AC 729

            See R v Gleeson [2003]

Doorson v The Netherlands [(1996) 22 EHRR 330]

            See R v Horncastle.

Elguzouli-Daf v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis [1995] QB 335

            See R v DPP ex parte M; R v CPS ex parte Hitchins

Environment Agency v M E Foley Contractors Ltd [2002] EWHC 258 (Admin)

            See Skipaway Ltd v Environment Agency

Fielding (ex parte) (1861) 25 JP 759

            See Brooks v Bagshaw and Williams v Letheren

Folkes v Chadd (1782) 3 Doug.K.B. 157

            See R v Turner [1975]

Football Association Premier League Ltd & Ors v QC Leisure & Ors; and Karen Murphy v Media Protection Services Ltd: C-403/03 and C-429-03 [2011]

            See R (Vuciterni and Alsat UK Ltd) v Brent Magistrates' Court and Brent and 
Harrow  Trading Standards Service
 and Murphy v Media Protection Services Ltd

Garton v. Hunter [1969] 1 All E.R. 451

            See DPP v Sugden

Ghani v Jones [1970] 1 QB 693

            See Chief Constable of Merseyside Police v Owens.

Gluckstein v Barnes [1900] AC 240

            See R v Lord Kylsant

Grainger & Son v Gough (Surveyor of Taxes) [1896] AC 325

            See Partridge v Crittenden

H (Restraint Order; Realisable Property), Re [1996] 2 All ER 391

            See R v McDowell; R v Singh

HH v Deputy Prosecutor of the Italian Republic [2012] UKSC 25

            See R v Mackey

Harding v Wealands [2006] UKHL 32

            See Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart

Hardy v Ryle 9 B & C 603

             See Radcliffe v Bartholomew

Henry Kendall & Sons v William Lillico & Sons Ltd [1969] 2 AC 3

            See Frost v The Aylesbury Dairy Company Limited

Houston v Director of Public Prosecution [2015] EWHC 4144

            See Harvey v DPP

Hunter v Chief Constable West Midlands Police [1982] AC 529

            See R v Dowty

Jeffrey v Evans [1964] 1 WLR 505

            See R (Food Standards Agency) v Brent Justices and Kelman's Kosher Products

Jones v Metcalfe [1967] 1 WLR 1286

            See R v Derodra

Kafkaris v Cyprus (2009) 49 EHRR 35

            See Interfact Limited v Liverpool City Council 

Kajala v Noble (1982) 75 Cr App R 149

            See DPP v Sugden

Kapferer [2006] ECR I – 2585 – Case C-234/04

            See Interfact Limited v Liverpool City Council 

Kušionová, C-34/13, EU:C:2014:2189

            See Slewo - schlafen leben wohnen GmbH v Ledowski

Kyle v Laird 1951 JC 65

            See Guild v Gateway Foodmarkets Ltd

L.A. Gear Inc. v. High-Tech Sports plc [1992] FSR 121

            See ZYX Music GmbH v King and ors

Ladbroke (Football) Ltd v William Hill (Football) Ltd [1964] 1 WLR 273

            See Newspaper Licensing Agency Ltd v Marks & Spencer plc

Laythoarp v Bryant 3 Scott, 238

            See Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company

Libman v R (1985) 21 CCC (3d) 206

            See Suffolk Trading Standards v Rogers

Lim Chin Aik v The Queen [1963] AC 160

           See Sweet v Parsley and Nurse v Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Lindsay v Dempster [1912] 49 Sc LR 999

            See Elder v Bishop Auckland Co-operative Society Ltd

Lloyd v Singleton [1953] 1 QB 357

            See  Boys v Blenkinsop

London County Council v Payne & Co [1904] 1 KB 194

            See London County Council v Payne & Co (No 2)

MacNab v Alexanders of Greenock Ltd 1971 SLT 121

            See Chilvers v Rayner

Manifest Shipping Company Limited v Uni-Polaris Company Limited [2003] 1 AC 469

            See Morris v State Bank of India and Bank of India v Morris

Marco (Croydon Ltd) t/a A and J Bull Containers v Metropolitan Police [1984] RTR 24

            See R (Essence Bars (London) Limited) v Wimbledon Magistrates' Court

Marshall v Southampton and South-West Hampshire Area Health Authority [1986] ECR 723 - Case 152/84.

            See Marleasing SA v La Commerical International de Alimentacion SA

Marcel and ors v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis and anor [1992] Ch 225

            See Scopelight Ltd and ors v Chief of Northumbria Police and FACT

Matthews v Morris [1981] JP 262

            See Tuck v Vehicle Inspectorate

McGrath v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (2001) 2 AC 731

            See R (Cabot Global Ltd and Ors) v Barkingside Magistrates' Court

McIntosh v Lord Advocate [2003] 1 AC 1078

            See R v Knaggs

McLeod (or Houston) v Buchanan [1940] 2 All ER 179

            See Shave v Rosner

Meridian Global Funds Management Asia Limited v. Securities Commission [1995] 2 AC 500

            See Bank of India v Morris and R v St Regis Paper Company Ltd

Messner, C-489/07, EU:C:2009:502

            See Slewo - schlafen leben wohnen GmbH v Ledowski

Mickelborough v BRS (Contracts) Limited [1977] RTR 389

            See North Yorkshire County Council v Crawshaw

Milton Keynes DC v Fuller [2011] EWHC 1967 (Admin)

            See R (Thames Water Utilities Ltd) v Bromley Magistrates' Court

Mitchell v Morrison 1938 JC 64
            See Fraser v Heatley

Morris v Tolman [1923] 1 KB 166

            See Thornton v Mitchell

Mousell Brothers Ltd v London and North Western Railway Co [1917] 2 KB 836

            See Quality Dairies (York) Ltd v Pedley, Fraser v Heatly and Allen v Whitehead

Murray-Watson Ltd, Re (1977) unreported, April 6. 

            See Gerald Cooper Chemicals Ltd, Re

National Coal Board v Gamble [1959] 1 QB 11.

            See R v Jogee; R v Ruddock

New Southgate Metals Ltd v London Borough of Islington [1996] Crim LR 334

            See Allied Domecq Leisure Ltd v Cooper

Norwich Pharmacal Co v Customs & Excise [1974] AC 133

            See Norwich Pharmacal Co v Customs & Excise [1972]

Office of Fair Trading v Officers Club [2005] EWHC 1080

            See Office of Fair Trading v Purely Creative Ltd

O'Hara v RUC [1997] AC 286. 

            See R (Austen) v Chief Constable of Wiltshire Police

Oladimeji v Director of Public Prosecutions [2006] EWHC 1199 Admin

            See Central Bedfordshire Council v Shah (Tasir)

Palmer v Southend - on - Sea BC [1984] 1 WLR 1129

            See R v Harvey ex p. Select Livestock Producers Ltd

Pashler v Stevenitt (1876) 41 JP 136, 35 LT 862

            See Webb v Knight

Patrick & Lyon Ltd (Re) [1933] Ch 784

            See R v Grantham

Parkin v Norman [1983] 1 QB 92

            See Wallis v Bristol Water Plc

ParkingEye Ltd v Beavis [2015] UKSC 67

            See R v Whatcott

Peterssen v RSPCA [1993] Crim LR 852

            See Hussey v RSPCA

Phillips v United Kingdom [2001] Crim LR 817

            See R v Armad; R v Fields

Philips Electronics Ltd v Remington Consumer Products [1999] RPC 809

            See Arsenal Football Club plc v Reed

Pickstone v Freemans plc [1989] 1 AC 66

            See R (Hemming) v Westminster City Council

Poole Borough Council v Hambridge [2007] EWCA Civ 990

            See Swindon Borough Council v Webb

Quazi v Quazi [1980] AC 744

            See Phonographic Performance Ltd v South Tyneside MBC

R v A(RJ) [2012] EWCA Crim 434

            See R (Baron's Pub Company Limited) v Staines Magistrates' Court and Runnymede Borough CouncilMoss & Son Ltd v CPS, R (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Sheffield Crown  Court and Goodison and R v Golding.

R v Akhtar [2015] EWCA Crim 1766

            See R v Dunn

R v Allen [1985] AC 1029

            See M Najib and Sons Limited v Crown Prosecution Service

R v Argent [1997] 2 Cr App R 27

            See R v Black

R v Asiedu [2015] EWCA Crim 714

            See M Najib and Sons Limited v Crown Prosecution Service

R v Ayres [1984] 1 All ER 619

            See R v Pain and R v Pritchett and Langston

R v Aylesbury Justices, Ex parte Wisbey [1965] 1 All ER 602

            See Dacre Son & Hartley Ltd v North Yorkshire Trading Standards

R v Bailey [2011] EWCA Crim 1585

           See R v Munn 

R v Bates [1952] 2 AER 842

            See Cornwall County Council v Baker

R v Bayliss (1994) 98 Cr App R

            See R v Dhorajiwala

R v Bayode [2013] EWCA Crim 356

            See R v Dunn

R v Beckford (1996) 1 Crim App R 94

            See Postermobile plc v Brent London Borough Council

R v Billingham [2009] EWCA Crim 19

            See R v Docherty-Puncheon

R v Bloomfield [1996] 1 Cr App R 135

           See R (DPP) v Taylor

R v Briggs (1930) 22 Cr App R 68

            See R v Carty

R v Broadcasting Standards Commission ex p BBC [2000] 3 WLR 1327

            See R v Loveridge and others

R v Brown (1984) 79 Cr.App.R.115

            See R v Hobson and R v Pacurar

R v Buckman [1997] 1 Cr App R (S) 325

            See R v Gangar

R v Burt, ex parte Presburg [1960] 1 QBD 625

            See Neville v Gardner Merchant Ltd

R v Campbell [2007] EWCA Crim 1472

           See R v Sullivan

R v Carter and Others [2006] EWCA Crim 416

            See Paulet v UK

R v Central Criminal Court, ex parte Garnier [1988] RTR 43

            See R v Francis

R v Central Criminal Court ex parte W, B & C [2001] Cr App R 2

            See R (JC and RT) v Central Criminal Court and Anr

R v Chargot Limited (trading as Contract Services) [2008] UKHL 73

            See R v Waters

R v Clarke [2008] UKHL 8

            See Westminster City Council v Owadally and Khan

R v Clerk to the Medway Justices, ex parte DHSS (1986) – unreported

            See Daventry District Council v Olins

R v Clerkenwell Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate ex parte DPP [1984] 2AER 193

            See R (Donnachie) v Cardiff Magistrates' Court [2007]

R v Clipston [2011] EWCA Crim 446

            See R v Armad; R v Fields

R v Cockshott and Others [1898] 1 QB

            See R (Rahmdezfouli) v Wood Green Crown Court

R v Cole (1965) 2 QB 388

            See R (CPS) v Blaydon Youth Court

R v Condron [1997] 1 WLR 82

            See R v Black

R v Department for Education and Employment ex parte Begbie [2000] 1 WLR 1115

            See R (Sovio Wines Limited) v Food Standards Agency

R v Dhillon [2010] EWCA Crim 1577

            See R v UK Parking Control Ltd

R v Dimsey [2000] QB 744

            See R v May and R v McDowell; R v Singh

R v DPP ex parte Manning [2001] 1 QB

            See R (B) v DPP

R v Dodd (1981) 74 Cr App R 50

            See R v KC

R v Dore [1997] 2 Cr App R(S) 152

            See R v Islam

R v Ealing Justices ex p Dixon [1990] 2 QB 91

            See R v Criminal Cases Review Commission ex p Hunt

R v Edwards [2004] EWCA Crim 2102

            See R v Greig

R v Ellames [1974] 60 Cr.App.R 7

            See R v Sakalauskas

R v Elrington [1861] 1 B & S 688

            See R v Beedie, R v Phipps, R v Dwyer, R v Antoine, R v Wangige and R v Dunn

R v F Howe & Son (Engineers) Ltd [1999] IRLR 434

            See R v Rollco Screw & Rivet Co Ltd and Others

R v Fanning [2016] EWCA Crim 550

            See R v Waters

R v Feld [1999] 1 Cr App R(S) 1

            See R v Mackey

R v Forbes [2001] 1 Crim App R 430

            See McKenna v DPP

R v Foxley [1995] 2 Cr App R 523

            See DEFRA v Atkinson

R v Fuller [1987] 1 QB 426

            See R v Dhorajiwala

R v Gore and Maher [2009] EWCA Crim 1424

            See R v Hamer

R v Graham [1997] 1 Cr App R 302

             See R v ShieldsR v Boateng and R v D

R v Grainger [2008] EWCA Crim 2506 .

            See R v McDowell; R v Singh

R v Grant [1951] 1 KB 500

            See R v JW

R v Grays Justices ex p Low [1990] 1 QB 54

            See Islington LBC v Michaelides

R v Greater Manchester Coroner, ex parte Tal [1985] QB 67

            See R (Dyer) v Watford Magistrates' Court

R v H [2004] UKHL 3

            See R v R

R v Hakala [2002] EWCA Crim 730

            See R v Byrne

R v Hare [1934] 1 KB 354

            See R v Montila

R v Honey Rose [2017] EWCA Crim 1168

            See R v Kuddus

R v Horseferry Road Magistrates' Court, ex p Bennett [1994] 1 AC 42

            See R v Looseley; Attorney General's Reference (No 3 of 2000) and R v R

R v Hussain [2006] EWCA Crim 621

            See R v Islam

R v Inwood (1974) 60 Cr App Rep 70

            See Pola v R (Health and Safety Executive)

R v Ipswich Crown Court ex p Baldwin [1981] 1 All ER 596

            See Sunworld Ltd v Hammersmith & Fulham LBC

R v Jabber [2006] EWCA Crim 2694

            See Haringey (LB of) v Tshilumbe

R v Johnstone [2002] EWCA Crim 194

            See S v LB of Havering and R v Johnstone [2003]

R v Jones, Ex parte Thomas, [1921] 1 KB 632

            See Thomson v Knights

R v Judge of the City of London Court [1892] 1 Q.B. 273

            See R v Lehair

R v Keast [1998] Crim LR 748

            See R v Miah and anor

R v Lewes Crown Court and Chief Constable of Sussex Police ex p Nigel Weller and Co [1999] EWHC 424

            See Glenn & Co (Essex) Ltd v Her Majesty's Commissioners for Revenue and Customs

R v Lowe [2007] EWCA Crim 3047

           See R v Sullivan

R v Lucas [1976] RTR 235

            See R v Highbury Corner Magistrates' Court, ex p Di Matteo

R v Maginnis [1987] 1 AC 303

            See Formula One Autocentres Ltd v Birmingham City Council

R v Marr and Others (1983) 76 Cr App R 309

           See R v Richmond

R v McCrae & Ors [2012] EWCA Crim 976

           See R v Mackey

R v McCrarren & McCrarren [2007] NICC 9

            See R v Waller

R v McKenzie [2011] EWCA Crim 1550

            See R v D 

R v McNally [1954] 2 All ER 372

            See R v KC

R v McNamara [1988] 87 Cr App R 246

            See R v Lambert

R v McNeill (unreported 28 April 1998)

            See R v Clarke

R v McVitie [1960] 2 QB 483

            See R v Shields

R v Merriman [1973] AC 584

            See R v T

R v Metropolitan Police Commissioner, ex parte Blackburn [1968] 2 QB 118

            See R v DPP ex parte C

R v Miles The Times 15 April 1992, [1992] Crim LR 657

            See Banque Arabe et Internationale d'Investissement SA v Morris

R v Montila [2004] UKHL 50

             See R v Pace and Rogers

R v Morrison (1911) 6 Cr App Rep 150

            See R v Smith (Joan)

R v Mohammed [2004] EWCA Crim 678

            See R v Wilson

R v Nelson (1977) 65 Cr App R 119

            See R v D

R v Nelson, R v Pathak and R v Paulet [2009] EWCA Crim 1573

            See R v Del Basso and Goodwin

R v Nelson and Rose [1998] 2 Crim App R 399

            See Ortega v DPP

R v Norkett, Ex parte Geach (1915) 139 LT Jo 316

            See Dring v Mann and Marco (Croydon) Ltd trading as A & J Bull Containers v Metropolitan Police

R v Oliver and Oliver (1989) 11 Crim App R (S) 10

            See R v Bow Street Magistrates' Court ex p Mitchell and R v Richmond

R v Olubitan [2004] 2 Cr App R(S) 14

            See R v Ahmad and Ahmed

R v Ottewell [1970] AC 642

            See Hall & Woodhouse Ltd v Poole BC

R v P [2007] EWCA Crim 3216

            See R v Greig

R v Petkar [2003] EWCA Crim 2668

            See R v Black

R v Pettman (2 May 1985, unreported)

            See R v M

R v Pydar Justices ex parte Foster [1995] 160 JP 87

            See Jolly v Director of Public Prosecutions

R v RD [2019] EWCA Crim 1545

            See Harvey v DPP

R v Richardson [1998] 2 Cr App R 200

            See R v Melin

R v Rimmington and R v Goldstein [2005] UKHL

            See R v Dady

R v Robb [1991] 93 Cr App R 161

            See R v Pabon

R v Ronson and Parnes (1992) 13 Cr App R (S) 153

            See R (James Gray and Julie Gray) v Crown Court Aylesbury and RSPCA

R v Rose [2008] EWCA Crim 239

            See R v GH

R v Rowe (1859) Bell CC 93

            See Hibbert v Mckiernan

R v Sang [1980] AC 402

            See R v Looseley; Attorney General's Reference (No 3 of 2000)

R v Sbarra (1918) 87 LJKB 1003

            See R v Fuschillo

R v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Venables and Thompson [1998] AC 407.

            See R (Guittard) v Secretary of State for Justice

R v Secretary of State for Transport ex p Factortame (No 5) [2000] 1 AC 525

            See R (Newby Foods Limited) v Food Standards Agency (No. 9)

R v Senor [1899] 1 QB 283

            See R v Sheppard

R v Silcock and Levin [2004] EWCA Crim 408

            See R v Armad; R v Fields

R v Simpson [2004] QB 118

            See R v Magro

R v Smith [2001] UKHL 68

            See R v Waller

R v Smith [2002] 1 WLR 54)

            See R v Varsani

R v Stafford Justices ex p Customs and Excise Commissioners [1991] 2 QB 339

            See R v Criminal Cases Review Commission ex p Hunt

R v Stockwell [1993] 97 Cr App R 60

            See Hackney (London Borough of) v Rottenberg

R v Stone [1955] Crim LR 120

            See R v Waters

R v Swansea Crown Court, ex parte Stacey [1990] RTR 183

            See Foster v DPP

R v Tate [1997] RTA 17

            See Tuck v Vehicle Inspectorate

R v Thames Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate ex parte Hackney London Borough Council (1994) 158 JP 305

            See the article Continuing Offences.

R v Thompson and Hanson [2006] EWCA Crim 2849

            See R v Dady

R v Threapleton [2002] 2 Cr.App.R. (S.)

            See R v Moss

R v Totnes JJ (1879) The Times May 9

            See Bartholomew v Wiseman

R v Tottenham Justices, ex parte Dwarkados Joshi [1982] 1 WLR 631

            See Neville v Gardner Merchant Ltd

R v Turner [1975] 61 Crim App R 67

            See R (Firth) v Epping Magistrates Court

R v V [2011] EWCA Crim 2342

            See R (Highbury Poultry Farm Produce Ltd) v Crown Prosecution Service [2020]

R v West [1996] 2 Cr App R 374

            See R v Abu Hamza

R v White [2014] EWCA Crim 714

             See R v Clarke

R v Wicks [1998] AC 92

            See R v Clayton and Dockerty

R v Wills [1990] Crim LR 715

            See R v Sheppard

R v Winfield 27 Cr App R 139

            See R v Garrett

R v Yanko (1996) 1 Cr App R (S) 217

            See R v Ansari and others

R. v Young (1990) 12 Cr.App.R.(S.) 279

            See R v Wood

R v Z [2009] EWCA Crim 20

            See R v Tindle

R (Aitchison) v Sheffield Crown Court [2012] EWHC 2844 (Admin)

            See DPP v Chajed

R (Alconbury Developments Ltd) v Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions [2001] UKHL 23

            See Skipaway Ltd v Environment Agency and R (Langton and Allen) v DEFRA and Derbyshire County Council

R (Anand) v Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (2012) EWHC 2989 (Admin)

               See R (Cabot Global Ltd and Ors) v Barkingside Magistrates' Court

R (Bancoult) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs [2008] QB 365

            See R (Sovio Wines Limited) v Food Standards Agency

R (Bapio Action Limited) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] AC 1003

            See R (Sovio Wines Limited) v Food Standards Agency

R (Countryside Alliance and ors) v Attorney General and anor [2007] UKHL 52

            See Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis v Thorpe.

R (DPP) v Sunderland MC [2014] EWHC 613 (Admin)

            See R (Johnson) v Westminster Magistrates' Court

R (Energy Financing Team Ltd) v Bow Street Magistrates Court [2005] EWHC 1626 (Admin).

            See R (Austen) v Chief Constable of Wiltshire Police

R (Faisaltex Ltd) v Preston Crown Court and others [2008] EWHC 2832

            See R (Cabot Global Ltd and Ors) v Barkingside Magistrates' Court 

R (Hicks) v Commissioner of Metropolis [2012] EWHC 1947 (Admin)

            See R (RSPCA) v Colchester Magistrates' Court

R (Jackson) v Attorney General [2005] UKHL 56

            See Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart

R (Law Society) v Lord Chancellor [2010] EWHC 1406 (Admin)

            See R (Virgin Media Ltd) v Zinga

R (Lees) v Solihull Magistrates Court and the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Customs and Revenue [2013] EWHC 3779

            See Hargreaves v Brecknock and Radnorshire Magistrates' Court

R (London Borough of Tower Hamlets) v Christopher Steele [2012] CTLC 109

            See R v X Ltd.

R (RJM) v Work and Pensions Secretary [2009] 1 AC 311

            See R v Ibrahim

R (Newby Foods Ltd) v Food Standards Agency, C-453/13, EU:C:2014:2297.

            See R (Newby Foods Limited) v Food Standards Agency [2017] and R (Newby Foods Limited) v Food Standards Agency [2019]

R (Redknapp) v Commissioner of City of London Police [2009] 1WLR 2096

            See Hargreaves v Brecknock and Radnorshire Magistrates' Court

R (Steward) v Director of Public Prosecutions [2003] EWHC 2251

            See Verderers of The New Forest v Young and Ors

R (Westminster City Council) v National Asylum Support Service [2002] 1 WLR 2956

            See R v Montila

R (Woking Borough Council) v Keenan [2005] EWHC 979 (Admin)

            See Reading Borough Council v Younis

Radcliffe v Bartholomew [1892] 1 QB 161

            See Marren v Dawson Bentley & Co Ltd

Randall v Newson (1877) 2 QBD 102 (CA)

            See Frost v The Aylesbury Dairy Company Limited

Redknapp v Commissioner of the City of London Police [2008] EWHC 1177 (Admin).

             See R (Austen) v Chief Constable of Wiltshire Police and

                    R (Ahmed) v York Magistrates' Court and City of York Council

Ridehalgh v Horsefield [1994] Ch 205

            See R (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Sheffield Crown Court and Goodison

Roberts v Director of Public Prosecutions [1994] RTR 31

            See Cooper v Westminster City Council

Robson v Hallett [1967] 2 QB 936

            See Brunner v Williams

Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd v Tan [1995] 2 AC 378

            See Ivey v Genting Casinos (UK) Ltd t/a Crockfords

RSPCA v Hall & Hall (CO/2876/92)

            See R (RSPCA) v C and Hussey v RSPCA 

RSPCA v Isaacs [1994] Crim LR 517

            See R (RSPCA) v C and Hussey v RSPCA 

S v Recorder of Manchester [1971] AC 481

            See R v KC

S (an infant) v Manchester City Recorder [1971] AC 481

            See R v JW and R v Love and Hyde

Salomon v A Salomon and Company Limited [1897] AC 22

            See R v McDowell; R v Singh

Seager and Blatch [2009] EWCA Crim 130

            See R v McDowell; R v Singh

SFJ v The Chief Constable of Kent (unreported 17 June 1982)

            See Vel v Chief Constable of North Wales

Seaboard Offshore Limited v Secretary of State for Transport [1994] 1 WLR 1025

            See R (Keam) v DEFRA

Shanks & McEwan (Teesside) Ltd v Environment Agency [1999] QB 333

            See Walker & Son (Hauliers) Limited v Environment Agency

Shaw v Director of Public Prosecutions [1962] AC 220

            See Hall & Woodhouse Ltd v Poole BC

Simms v Moore [1972] QB 327

            See Jolly v Director of Public Prosecutions

Sophocleous v Ringer (1987) 151 JP 564

            See R v Shepherd

Sporrong and Lönnroth v Sweden

            See Paulet v UK

Srl CILFIT and Lanificio di Gavardo SpA v Ministry of Health, C-283/81, EU:C:1982:335

             See R (Newby Foods Limited) v Food Standards Agency [2019]

Stafford v The State (Note) [1999] 1 WLR 2026

            See Tido v The Queen

Steele v Rogers (1912) 106 LT 79

            See Rowley v Murphy

Stevenson and Another v Rogers [1999] QB 1028

            See R & B Customs Brokers Co Ltd v UDT Ltd

Stock v Frank Jones (Tipton Ltd) [1978] 1 WLR 231

            See R v Lehair

Streames v Copping [1985] QB 920

            See Downes v RSPCAR (Donnachie) v Cardiff Magistrates' Court and R (Platinum Crown Investments Ltd) v North East Essex Magistrates' Court and Colchester Borough Council 

Sturgeon v Condor Flugdienst GmbH and Böck v Air France SA [2009] ECR I–10923

            See Jet2.com Limited v Huzar.

Sumal and Sons (Properties) Limited v London Borough of Newham [2012] EWCA Crim 1840

            See R v McDowell; R v Singh

Sussex Peerage Case (1844) 11 Cl&Fin 85

            See article: Commercial Practice and a Single Consumer

Swain v Old Kentucky Restaurants Ltd (1973) 138 JPN 84

            See Fleming v Edwards

Swale BC v First Secretary of State [2005] EWCA Civ 1568

            See Newham (London Borough of) v Miah

Thackwell v Barclays Bank Plc [1986] 1 All ER 676

            See Chief Constable of Merseyside Police v Owens.

Treacey v DPP [1971] 1 All ER 110

            See Ken Lane Transport Ltd v North Yorkshire County Council

Treacher & Co Ltd v Treacher [1874] WN 4

            See Phillips v Parnaby

Tuck & Sons v Priester (1887) 19 QBD 629

            See M Najib and Sons Limited v Crown Prosecution Service

Twentyman v John Hulbert Ltd (1944) 170 LT 340

            See Winter v Hinckley and District Industrial Co-operative Society Ltd

United States Shipping Board v The Ship St Albans [1931] AC 632

            See Hindson v Ashby

Uratemp Ventures Limited v Collins (Ap) [2001] UKHL 43

          See R v Chipunza

Vacher & Sons Ltd v London Society of Compositors [1913] A.C. 107

            See R v Lehair

Venables v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2001] Fam 430

            See R (JC and RT) v Central Criminal Court and Anr

Walbusch Walter Busch, C-430/17, EU:C:2019:47

           See Slewo - schlafen leben wohnen GmbH v Ledowski

Wallentin-Hermann v Alitalia–Linee Aeree Italiane SpA [2008] ECR I–11061 - Case C-597/07

            See Jet2.com Limited v Huzar.

Webb v Chief Constable of Merseyside Police [2000] QB 42

            See Chief Constable of Merseyside Police v Owens.

Whitehead v Haines [1965] 1 QB 200.

            See Warwickshire County Council v Johnson and Lycamobile UK v  London Borough of Waltham Forest

William C Leitch Bros Ltd (Re) [1932] 2 Ch 71

            See R v Grantham

Woking Urban District Council (Basingstoke Canal) Act 1911 (Re) [1914] 1 Ch 300

            See R v Montila

Wood v North Avon Magistrates' Court [2009] EWHC 3614 (Admin).

            See R (Austen) v Chief Constable of Wiltshire Police

Wotherspoon v HM Advocate [1978] AC 74

            See R v E 

Woolmington v DPP [1935] AC 462

            See R v Hunt

X (Minors) v Bedfordshire County Council [1995] 2 AC 633

            See Welton v North Cornwall District Council

Young v Higgon (1840) 6 M & W 49

            See Radcliffe v Bartholomew